Yagour, located at about 80 km south of Marrakech, Morocco, is a plateau of 2,200 to 2,600 meters high above the sea, surrounded by high mountains of High Atlas such as Toubkal (4,167m). There is no resident during the winter time due to snow but the land is used by people for transhumance of cows, sheep and goats from summer to autumn.

Berber people stared to live in Yagour around 5,000 – 4,500 years ago. There are many prehistoric engravings on the plateau. The engravings unique to the region are “discs” which are circles with various geometric lines inside. Their sizes are mostly 20 to 50 cm but there is one large disc of about 1m, called “Disc of Sun”, carved on a rock surface faced to the South while others are carved on flat slabs.

According to the guide, the animism believed by the ancient Berber people had three indispensable elements for human life: Sun, Ground and Water. “Disc of Sun” symbolically depicts these three elements: Sun with halo and inside there are mountains and land with rivers. This is indeed the landscape of Yagour. A small disc at the bottom of Sun is probably Moon. Crescent Moon is at upper left of Sun.

Human figures are very unique and fantastic. There are also engravings of wild animals such as elephants, feline, rhinoceros, etc. It is quite surprising to see elephants and rhinos in such high land surrounded by mountains. More surprises with “chariots”. The “Discs” and the human figure are very unique to the region but “Chariots” are very common and they are depicted all over the Sahara. But it is quite mysterious to see “chariots” deep in the mountains. (July 2019)

Map of Yagour






Disc of Sun. Engraving of Yagour, July 2019 (1 m x 1 m)
太陽の円盤、ヤグールの線刻画, 2019年7月撮影  (1 m x 1 m)