Jebel Uweinat means in Arabic “mountain with small springs” which still exist but very few. This region is one of the most arid place in the world. Travel to Jebel Uweinat from the capital Khartoum requires 5 days with 4WD cars: going up north for about 700km then going west for another 700km alongside of the Egyptian border.

The mountainous area of over 200km from Gilf Kebir to Jebel Uweinat was populated by pre-historic peoples during the time of the Green Sahara and they left numerous rock art. There are over 1,200 sites of rock art and new discoveries are still ongoing. The artists are: 1) Hunters and gatherers who lived from about 6000 to 4500 BCE at the end of the Paleolithic period, 2) Pastoral people herding cattle who lived from about 4500 to 3500 BCE in the Neolithic period. Jebel Uweinat became arid and it was impossible to herd cattle in about 3500BCE. (December 2015)



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